Eichmann was considered a major architect of the holocaust and a notoriously corrupt SS colonel. In South America there are many German colonies where everything is German. There was also your mother. And then there were high ranking Nazis. There’s a long story behind how Nazi colonies came to exist in the remote regions of South America. In the years after the end of the war, Argentine President Juan Peron secretly ordered diplomats and intelligence officers to establish escape routes, so-called “ratlines,” through ports in Spain and Italy to smuggle thousands of former SS officers and Nazi party members out of Europe. Everyone involved in the abduction was playing a high-stakes game of deception. Across the continent there are still small pockets where German is the common language. In those days South America seemed like a different world to Europe. The 1888 proclamation of the annexation of Nauru by Germany was donated to the Library by Brigadier General Thomas Griffiths, the Administrator of Nauru, in 1921. It was the only death sentence ever given by an Israeli court. These made the prospect of escape virtually impossible, but also kept outsiders far away. These were colonies unsuccessfully settled by Brandenburg-Prussia (part of the Holy Roman Empire realm), after 1701 Kingdom of Prussia, before the foundation of the German Empire in 1871.. Africa. Adopting the name Ricardo Klement, he settled in the Argentine capital with his family. It was German traveller Baron Cosme Damián Schütz von Holzhausen, who, after visiting German colonies in Texas, USA had the idea of creating other colonies across South America. But those are nothing compared to the former Nazi colonies of the continent. Wituland (1885–1890) - si… Not all Nazis on the run kept strictly to Nazi Colonies. After 4 months he was sentenced to death by hanging. Adolf Eichmann (Credit: Adam Guz/Getty Images Poland/Getty Images). So the prospect of hum being in Chile is not exactly absurd. It wasn’t long before the Israeli government knew so too. Klein-Venedig ("Little Venice"; also the etymology of the name "Venezuela") was the most significant part of the German colonization of the Americas, from 1528 to 1546, in which the Augsburg -based Welser banking family to the Habsburgs was given the colonial rights by Emperor Charles V, who was also King of Spain and owed debts to them for his Imperial election. But it’s thought there were numerous branches, each operating different escape routes. However, by far the largest number—as many as 5,000—relocated to Argentina. South America; Argentina; W alking through La Cumbrecita is a surreal experience. This would be an irrelevant piece of knowledge, if one of those camps had not been located within Colonia Dignidad. Secret files reveal 9,000 Nazi war criminals fled to South America after WWII. Adolf Eichmann, architect of the 'Final Solution,' was captured and executed in 1962. Still, their time of earth is running out. Mengele was known as the angel of death in Auschwitz, where he regularly performed human experimentation on prisoners. When there the team abducted Eichmann and smuggled him out of the country. Shortly after the German invasion, on June 22, 1941, ... Colonies kept in touch with each other through newspapers, especially Der Staats Anzeiger, based in North Dakota. So they kidnapped him. The following were German African protectorates. 1945 was an especially bad year. The 7 Most Notorious Nazis Who Escaped to South America. Ruanda-Urundi (1885–1917) - became a League of Nations mandate under Belgium, attached to its Congo colony - present-day Rwanda and Burundi 1.3. Due to the hundreds of thousands of German immigrants who lived in the country, Argentina maintained close ties with Germany and remained neutral for much of World War II. This was the result of a new political climate, the rise of nationalism and the waging of independence campaigns in various colonies as well as the new domestic priorities in the post-war period for colonial rulers. https://www.history.com/news/how-south-america-became-a-nazi-haven And while some Nazi colonies, like Colonia Dignidad and figures like Eichmann are well known – there could well be all kinds of people and places still hidden, waiting to be found. All Rights Reserved. According to a 2012 article in the Daily Mail, German prosecutors who examined secret files from Brazil and Chile discovered that as many as 9,000 Nazi officers and collaborators from other countries escaped from Europe to find sanctuary in South American countries. By far the most notorious of such Nazi colonies can still be found in the Chilean Andes. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. It was claimed by the CIA that the infamous concentration camp Doctor Joseph Mengele was among them. In the years and months leading up to Germany’s defeat, many Nazis carefully planned ways to escape justice. The British colonies in the West Indies were under direct threat by German submarines, who were hunting for oil tankers and bauxite carriers making … For years the world’s most wanted Nazi was a man called Adolf Eichmann. By the end of the war ODESSA maintained a covert network of people and locations willing to help former Nazis flee. In 1961 became independent and in 1964 joined with former British protectorate of the sultanate of Zanzibar to form present-day Tanzania 1.2. I mean, it’s still a colony lived in by the descendants of Nazis, but somehow it’s become a destination for tourism… and I don’t know how. German South West Africa, German Deutsch-Südwestafrika, a former German colony (1884–1919) that is now the nation of Namibia, in southwestern Africa.In 1883 Franz Adolf Lüderitz, a merchant from Bremen, Germany, established a trading post in southwest Africa at Angra Pequena, which he renamed Lüderitzbucht.He also acquired the adjacent coastal area, which he named Lüderitzland. Some Nazi colonies were rich and influential enough to help shape the modern history of South America. Suddenly, Klement was grabbed by the men and hauled kicking and screaming into the back seat of the vehicle, which sped off into the night. In 1946 allied forces published a list of 150 thousand war criminals. Those territories constituted the German Colonial Empire. The street signs are in German. King George III came from an ethnic German line, and was the first of the House of Hanover to speak E… In the 1970s and 1980s Chile was ruled by authoritarian dictator Augusto Pinochet. The history of Latin America during World War II is important because of the significant economic, political, and military changes that occurred throughout much of the region as a result of the war. (Credit: STAFF/AFP/Getty Images). FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. But this was just a way of luring new members to the colony. Are there any like this in your state? What he didn’t know is that the girl’s father was a holocaust survivor. In 1955, Gen. Alfredo Stroessner, a grandson of immigrants from Bavaria, opened Paraguay to former Nazis. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. In 1961 he fled to Chile, somehow convincing hundreds of others to go with him. But it’s thought Mengele and other Nazis house there, used their experience with torture to interrogate political dissidents. But he could just have easily slipped away – and in the chaos of that time, escaped. He fled to Argentina in 1949 before moving to Paraguay in 1959 and Brazil a year later. Many of the Nazis who escaped to South America were never brought to justice. In Israel he was put on trial, a trial that lasted 4 months and broadcast in it’s entirety. SS colonel Walter Rauff, who created mobile gas chambers that killed at least 100,000 people, died in Chile in 1984. Only on arriving in Israel did the Argentine government learn of the operation. Throughout the '50s, '60s, and '70s, stories of former officials of the Third Reich hiding out in Argentina were common -- and they weren't just stories. The SECRET Nazi Colonies In South America - Eskify; Why did the European states have to give up their colonies. Perhaps the most notorious of the fugitives was Dr. Josef Mengele, the “Angel of Death” who conducted macabre experiments at the Auschwitz concentration camp. Eduard Roschmann, the “Butcher of Riga,” died in Paraguay in 1977. Today in Peru the population Peruvians of German descent is approximately 160,000 people and hold many high positions in Government, Military and industry. As he walked to his small brick house in a middle-class Buenos Aires suburb on May 11, 1960, he passed by a chauffer and two men working under the open hood of a black Buick limousine. For ten years they lived a quiet life in Buenos Aires, Eichmann working at a nearby Mercedes factory. Tim Kennedy further discusses the history of Nazi's who escaped to South America. They are descendants of Germans who immigrated to Argentina from Germany and elsewhere in Europe. According to Uki Goñi, author of “The Real Odessa: Smuggling the Nazis to Peron’s Argentina,” the Peron government in 1946 sent word through Argentine Cardinal Antonio Caggiano to a French counterpart that the South American country would be willing to receive Nazi collaborators from France who faced potential war crimes prosecution. 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